HELL - IS IT JUST THE GRAVE?
A BRIEF WORD STUDY
David Smith, M.Div., D.Min.
QEVER - THE PLACE WHERE THE BODY GOES AT DEATH, A SEPULCHRE, GRAVE
GEN. 23:9,20 NUM. 11:34,35 JOB 21:32
SHEOL- (USED 66 TIMES) - THE STATE OF DEATH, DECAY OR A PLACE WHERE THE SOUL GOES, A PLACE OF CONSCIOUS EXISTENCE AFTER DEATH
NOTE:CONTEXT IS VERY IMPORTANT ON THIS MATTER SINCE THIS WORD IS ALSO USED TO DESCRIBE WHERE THE RIGHTEOUS DEAD ALSO GO.
1. USED TO REFER TO THE GRAVE:
2. THE PLACE OF DEPARTED RIGHTEOUS SOULS:
3. THE PLACE OF WICKED DEPARTED SOULS:
NOTE: THERE WERE NOT 2 COMPARTMENTS IN SHEOL OR HADES IN THE O.T.DAYS BEFORE CHRIST DEATH, ONE FOR THE SAVED & ONE FOR THE LOST. On Eph. 4:8 : Paul's paraphrase of Psalm 68:18 confirms his statement that God gives gifts to people. A military victor has the right to give gifts to those identified with him. Christ, the victor over sinful people, i.e., having captivated them by redeeming them, has the right to give those people to the church as gifts. In Romans 12 and 1 Corinthians 12 Paul spoke of gifts given to people (cf. v. 7), but here he spoke of people given to the church as gifts. So in His death Jesus Christ gained the victory over sin, and He redeemed those whom He would give as gifts to the church. In Eph. 4:9 "0F THE EARTH" IS AN APPOSITIONAL PHRASE-CHRIST DESCENDED TO THE LOWER PARTS OF HIS CREATION,I.E.,THE EARTH.....speaking of His Incarnation. He came to earth to die for sinful mankind. ALSO IN LK.16 ABR. BOSOM IS NOT SAID TO BE IN HADES BUT INSTEAD FAR FROM IT. REMEMBER THE REPENTANT THIEF AT CALVARY. HE WENT TO PARADISE.SEE LK.23:43,46. THIS IS THE SAME GK. WORD USED BY PAUL WHO WAS CAUGHT UP INTO PARADISE(2 COR. 12:4). ALSO NOTE TWO VIEWS REGARDING 1 PETER 3:19 #1] Probably the best view : THE PREINCARNATE CHRIST PREACHED THROUGH NOAH TO THOSE WHO ARE NOW SPIRITS IN PRISON. 1 Peter 1:11 supports this view when it speaks of the Spirit of Christ which was within the prophets. Also note that Christ's spirit was in Heaven when his body was in the grave. ( Lk. 23:43,46 ) #2] A QUESTIONABLE VIEW : Christ announced to fallen angels in Hades 1)His victory via His pending bodily resurrection, 2) His judgment on them which he accomplished & sealed at the cross. He did this in the interim between His death & resurrection.
HADES- 1) SIMILAR TO SHEOL BUT NEVER THE PLACE OF THE SOULS OF THE RIGHTEOUS. A TEMPORARY "HOLDING" PLACE OF TORMENT FOR
THE DAMNED. THESE END UP IN THE LAKE OF FIRE.
THIS IS A PLACE OF FIRE AND AGONY: LK. 16:19-31. THIS IS NOT A
PARABLE BUT AN ACTUAL ACCOUNT.SEE ALSO MT.11:23, 16:18;
TARTAROS- 2 PET.2:4-ONLY FALLEN ANGELS HERE. SEE GEN. 6. THEIR DESTINATION IS GEHENNA-MT. 25:41
GEHENNA- THE PLACE OF FINAL JUDGMENT-BOTH SOUL AND BODY WILL BE HERE.ANGELS( FALLEN ) WILL ALSO BE THERE. AGONY AND FIRE. ETERNAL SEPARATION FROM GOD MT. 25:41,46. (THE OLD GARBAGE IN THE VALLEY OF HINNOM WAS SET ON FIRE IN A DUMP THERE. THIS GAVE A SMALL PICTURE OF THE LAKE OF FIRE.) 2 PET. 2:17, REV. 20:11-15, MT.5:22,29,30, MK.9:43, JAS.3:6
NOTE: THERE ARE DEGREES OF SUFFERING THERE-MT.11:22, LK.12:47,48
God is omnipresent but does not reveal Himself to those in hell : Ps. 139:7; Prov.15:3; Rev. 14:10
OTHER DESCRIPT. OF HELL- REV.14:10,11; MK.9: 47,48; MT. 13:42; PHIL.3:19 ; JUDE 13 ; 2 THESS. 1:9.