The Internet was designed in part initially to provide a communications network that would work even if some of the sites were destroyed by nuclear attack. If the most direct route was not available, routers would direct traffic around the network via alternate routes.
The early Internet was used by computer experts, engineers, scientists, and librarians. There was nothing friendly about it. There were no home or office personal computers in those days, and anyone who used it, whether a computer professional or an engineer or scientist or librarian, had to learn to use a very complex system.
Then there was development in 1993 of the graphical browser Mosaic. Netscape Corp. later produced the most successful graphical type of browser and server until Microsoft declared war and developed its MicroSoft Internet Explorer.
World-Wide Web (WWW) is released by CERN in Geneva, Switzerland ( Center for Euorpean Nuclear Research ).
British researcher, Tim Berner-Lee creates HyperText Markup Language (HTML), which use specifications for URLs or Uniform Resource Locators, for web addresses.
The web as we know it is born!
Funded by the Air Force, networking systems are developed with a nuclear attack in mind, in which networks could switch to one another if one were destroyed. The goal was to build a robust communication network that could survive under adverse conditions.
President Eisenhower reacts by forming two government agencies to advance space technologies, weapons, and communication systems.
Soviet Union launches Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite.